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Brisingid sea star
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Subphylum: Eleutherozoa
Class: Asteroidea
Order: Brisingida

see text

Brisingida are an order of deep-sea dwelling sea stars.[1][2]



These starfish have between 6 and 16 long, attenuated arms which they use for suspension feeding.[3] Other characteristics include a single series of marginals, a fused ring of disc plates, the lack of actinal plates, a spool-like ambulacral column, reduced abactinal plates, and crossed pedicellariae.[4]


Briningida occur in a number of deep-sea locations, particularly in the Caribbean and New Zealand.[5]

An orange brisingid on black coral at 1,950 meters in California, Davidson Seamount


Brisingida contains 2 families, with 18 genera as follows:[2]

  • Family [6]
    • Genus Astrolirus, Fisher, 1917
    • Genus Astrostephane, Fisher, 1917
    • Genus Brisinga Asbjørnsen, 1856 (synonym: Craterobrisinga, Fisher, 1916)
    • Genus Brisingaster Loriol, 1883
    • Genus Brisingella Fisher, 1917
    • Genus Brisingenes Fisher, 1917
    • Genus Hymenodiscus Perrier, 1884
    • Genus Labidiaster, Lütken, 1872 (synonym: Gymnobrisinga, Studer, 1884)
    • Genus Midgardia Downey, 1972
    • Genus Novodinia Dartnall, Pawson, Pope & B.J. Smith, 1969 (synonym: Odinia, Perrier, 1885)
    • Genus Odinella Fisher, 1940
    • Genus Stegnobrisinga Fisher, 1916
  • Family [8]
    • Genus Astrocles Fisher, 1917
    • Genus Belgicella Ludwig, 1903
    • Genus Colpaster Sladen, 1889
    • Genus Freyastera Downey, 1986
    • Genus Freyella Perrier, 1885 (synonym: Freyellidea, Fisher, 1917)
    • Genus Freyellaster Fisher 1918

Further reading

  • Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 336-351 (look up in IMIS) [details]
  • Clark, A.M. and M.E. Downey. (1992). Starfishes of the Atlantic. Chapman & Hall Identification Guides, 3. Chapman & Hall: London, UK. ISBN 0-412-43280-3. xxvi, 794 pp. (look up in IMIS) [details]
  • Downey. M.E. (1986). Revision of the Atlantic Brisingida (Echinodermata: Asteroidea), with description of a new genus and family. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No.435. 57pp. [details]
  • Fisher, W.K. (1917). New genera and species of Brisingidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 20(8): 418-431. [details]
  • Sladen, W.P. (1889). Report on the Asteroidea. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, Zoology 30(51): xlii + 893 pages 118 plates. [details]
  • Clark, A.M.and Mah, C. (2001). An index of names of recent Asteroidea, part 4. Forcipulatida and Brisingida, in: Jangoux, M.; Lawrence, J.M. (Ed.) (2001). Echinoderm Studies, 6: pp. 229-347 (look up in IMIS) [details]


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