|— city —|
|Parliamentary constituency||Purvi Champaran|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
In 1866 Champaran was made into a district with Motihari as its headquarters. On 1 December 1977 the Champaran district was divided into two and Motihari became the headquarters of East Champaran district. The municipality of Motihari was established in 1879. Though no authentic data is available, one of the oldest structures in Motihari appears to be the Briksha Sthan Math, a temple of the guardian deity of Motihari, dating back to 1805. During the British era the town flourished and it became one of the important centers in North Bihar.
To know more about Motihari, go to ApnaMotihari.com
As of 2011 Motihari has an urban population of 1,73,359 with 54% males, 46% females, and 15% of the population is under 6 years of age. Motihari has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the Indian national average of 59.5%. rural population is 28,69,702
George Orwell, author of books Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four, was born in Motihari in 1903. His father Richard Walmesley Blair was a deputy posted in the opium department in Bihar. However, when he was one year old, George left for England with his mother and sister.
Until recently, the town of Motihari was largely unaware of its connection to Orwell. In 2003, Motihari discovered its role in Orwell's life when a number of journalists arrived in the city for Orwell's hundredth birthday. Local officials are making plans for the construction of a museum on Orwell's life.
Azizul Haque and Fingerprint Science
Azizul Haque (Khan Bahadur Azizul Huq) was one of the two Indian police officers who worked with Edward Henry in the development of fingerprint classification, known as Henry Classification System, still widely used in the world. "It was Khan Bahadur Azizul Huq who evolved a mathematical formula to supplement Henry's idea of sorting slips in 1024 pigeon holes, based on fingerprint patterns. Rai Bahadur Hem Chandra Bose made further contribution to the fingerprint science by evolving an extended system of subclassificaiton, a telegraphic code for finger impression and a system of single-digit classificaiton.
Both Haque and Bose eventually received honoraria and recognition from the Government of India. At the time of final approval of the honorarium for Haque, the Home Department (Government of India) noted, "It appears from the information now received that he (Haque) was Sir Edward Henry's principal helper in perfecting the scheme and he actually himself devised the method of classification which is in universal use. He thus contributed most materially to a discovery which is of worldwide importance and has brought a great credit to the police of India. Upon retirement from the Police service in Bengal and Bihar, Khan Bahadur Azizul Huq settled in Motihari, and he is buried there.
Motihari has many educational institutions like Munshi Singh mahavidyalaya affiliated to Bihar and was established in 1911 by British government. Other notable schools are Mangal Seminary (1927), Gopal Sah Vidyalaya (1918), M.J.K. Girls High School, Gopal sah Vidyalay ( previously this was Hakok academy in this hostel Goerge orwell bornt).
There are also several colleges for higher learning such as Mahila College (college for females), S.N.S. College, L.N.D. College, K.T.College near Singhiya gumti. All are affiliated to Motihari Engineering College was esablished by Bihar Government as well as College of Ayurvedic and Unani Medicine (Homeopathy Medical Collge, Motihari) is also there to provide medical education. Many people from Bihar and India attend these educational institutions.
R.N.M. Ayurved College
M. S. College
This is one of the oldest college of Motihari. It is on the name of freedom fighter Shri Munshi Singh. It comes under Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar University, MUZZAFARPUR. Along it there are five more colleges in this town. The present college building was a jail earlier but converted to college in 1948.
There are several industries in Motihari sub-division, which comprise of small-scale industries such as a paper plant factory, a sugar mill, and some other small-scale industries. In a recent development a Sugar factory is under development in sariyatpur which will produce sugar, ethanol & power in several Megawatt, Motihari’s sugar mill is considered to be one of the biggest in Bihar. Motihari is well connected by road and rail. The local railway station there is Bapudham Motihari which is connected to all metropolliton cities and national capital with trains. With educational institutions, mills and factories, and historical sites like Gandhi Sangrahalaya, jheel, Gandhi maidan, and natural scenery of the surrounding country side bordering the foothills of the Himalayan range, Motihari is an attractive place for people to live, work, attend educational institutions, and it is also a delightful place for visiting. In surrounding villages of Motihari, most people's livelihood depends on agriculture and dairy. Motihari area is also famous for its Litchi fruit and Mitha Alua (sweet potato).
Dr. S.P. Singh College of Teacher Education
This college was recognised by NCTE in Oct 2009 to run a B.Ed. Course with an annual intake of 100 students. It is affiliated with Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar University, MUZZAFARPUR. It is the only college in this town with a B.Ed. Course. www.drspsinghcollege.com
cs dav public school It is situated on kotwa road, motihari. It is the biggest school in motihari and is run by dav cmc and by k.p thakur. It has achieved huge success in education as well as social work ......
bal vidya coaching niketan
being located in front of exchange office. it is the best coaching institution in motihari for math, science and English for school students .. phone - 9852572913
- Someshwar Nath Temple
- Location-Areraj, Motihari
- It is one of the oldest temples in Hindu mythology and its importance can be seen in the holy month of sawan.
- Kesariya Stupa
- Largest Buddhist Stupa in the world located in kesariya.
- Gandhi Sangrahalaya
- Location-Motihari near Town thana
- Jheel-also known as Motijheel
- It divides the city in two parts.
- Motihai Civil Court
- M.S.(Munsi Singh)College
- S.N.S.(Shri Krishna Narayan Singh)College
- Computer Education:-
- M.G.C.S.M (Mahatma Gandhi Computer Saksharta Mission)
Location- Chandmari Chowk , Motihari.
- Urdu Library
- It is one of the oldest libraries from the British rule
- Urdu Library
- Navyuvak Pustakalaya
Gaytri Mandir Location- Motihari
- ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. http://web.archive.org/web/20040616075334/http://www.censusindia.net/results/town.php?stad=A&state5=999. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- ^ All’s not well with Orwell
- ^ Makeover for Orwell's India home
- ^  Tewari RK, Ravikumar KV. History and development of forensic science in India. J. Postgrad Med 2000,46:303-308.
- ^ Sodhi, GS, & Kaur,JK:The forgotten Indian pioneers of fingerprint science